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The Great Migration
The Great Migration: African Americans Searching for the Promised Land, 1916-1930
Carole Marks, University of Delaware
Farewell, We're Good and Gone: The Great Black Migration
Carole Marks
Indiana University Press (Bloomington, 1989)
The Negro Migration of 1916 - 1918
from The Journal of Negro History, vol. 7, no. 4 (October 1921)
Various authors
The Negro at Work During the World War and During Reconstruction Statistics, Problems, and Policies Relating to the Greater Inclusion of Negro Wage Earners in American Industry and Agriculture
United States Department of Labor, Division of Negro Economics
Government Printing Office (Washington D.C., 1921)
Chapter IV - "Motives of the Migrants"
from Harlem and Other Urban Centers
Clyde Vernon Kiser
Columbia University Press (New York, 1932)
The Burning at Dyersburg: An N.A.A.C.P. Investigation
from The Crisis (February 1918)
The Burning of Jim McIlherron: An N.A.A.C.P. Investigation
from The Crisis (May 1918)
Walter F. White
Negro Migration in 1916-17
United States Department of Labor, Division of Negro Economics
Government Printing Office (Washington D.C., 1919)
Migration of Negroes
from The Crisis (June 1917)
W.E.B. Du Bois
"Black Labor is the Best Labor: Southern White Reactions to the Great Migration"
from Black Exodus: The Great Migration from the American South
James R. Grossman and Alferdteen Harrison, ed.
Jackson (University Press of Mississippi, 1991)
The Labor Problem and Negro Migration
from The Southern Workman, vol. 49, no. 11 (November 1920)
Robert W. Bagnall
From Peasant to Proletariat: The Migration of Southern Blacks to the Central Appalachian Coalfields
from The Journal of Southern History, vol. 55, no. 1 (February 1989)
Richard L. Lewis
The Black Migration to Philadelphia: a 1924 Profile
from Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography (July 1984)
Fredric Miller
Number of African Americans in Northern Cities And Percentage Increase from 1910 to 1920 (table)
"Juanita Tucker: Teacher and Principal"
from Bridges of Memory: Chicago's First Wave of Black Migration
Timuel Black
Northwestern University Press (Evanston, IL, 2003)
"Interview of Jacob Lawrence"
from African American Frontiers: Slave Narratives and Oral Histories
Alan Govenar
ABC-CLIO (Santa Barbara, 2000)
Letters of Negro Migrants of 1916-1918
from The Journal of Negro History vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1919)
Emmett J. Scott
Additional Letters of Negro Migrants of 1916-1918
from The Journal of Negro History, vol. 4 (October 1919)
Selling the American Dream Myth to Black Southerners: The Chicago Defender and the Great Migration of 1915-1919
from Western Journal of Communication, vol. 62, no. 4 (Fall 1998)
Alan DeSantis
African American Population in Selected Cities 1920 (table)
Black Automobile Workers in Detroit, 1910-1930
from The Journal of Negro History, vol. 64, no. 3 (Summer 1979)
Joyce Shaw Peterson
Chapter 2 - "North to Detroit"
from Indignant Heart: A Black Worker's Journal
Charles Denby
South End Press (Boston, 1978)
Migration and Jobs: The New Black Workers in Pittsburgh, 1916-1930
from The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, vol. 61, no. 1 (January 1978)
Peter Gottlieb
Interview with Olin Wilson: Charter Member, Steel Workers Organizing Committee, Bethlehem Steel Corp, Buffalo, NY
from Afro-Americans in New York Life and History, vol. 21, no. 1 (January 1997)
James R. McDonnell
Chapter 12 - "Economic Discrimination"
from Black America
Scott Nearing
The Vanguard Press (New York, 1929)
The Colored Woman in Industry
from The Crisis (November 1918)
Mary E. Jackson
Resolving Urban Racial Problems: The NY Urban League, 1919-1959
from Afro-Americans in New York Life and History, vol. 4, no. 1 (January 1980)
Jesse T. Moore
Chapter 2 - " The Reality of Opportunity: Living Conditions"
from The Black Man Comes to the City: A Documentary Account from the Great Migration to the Great Depression, 1915 to 1930
Robert B. Grant
Nelson-Hall (Chicago, 1972)
And the Results Showed Promise...Physicians, Childbirth, and Southern Black Migrant Women, 1916-1930; Pittsburgh as a Case Study
from Journal of American Ethnic History, Journal of American Ethnic History, vol. 14 (Fall 1994)
Carolyn Leonard Carson
Chapter 6 - "Social Consciousness and Self-Help: The Heart and Soul of Community Building"
from Life for Us Is What We Make It: Building A Black Community in Detroit, 1915-45
Richard Walter Thomas
Indiana University Press (Bloomington, 1992)
Chapter 7 - "A Heaven All Their Own"
from Bound for the Promised Land: African American Religion and the Great Migration
Milton C. Sernett
Duke University Press (Durham, 1997)
Chapter 4 - "Negro Religion in the City"
from The Negro Church in America
E. Franklin Frazier
Schocken Books (New York, 1963)
The Massacre of East St. Louis
from The Crisis (September 1917)
Chicago and its Eight Reasons
from The Crisis (October 1919)
Walter F. White
Chaper 10 - "Progress and Poverty in the Black Community"
from Black Cleveland, 1870-1930
Kenneth L. Kusmer
University of Illinois Press (Urbana, 1976)
Chapter 3 - "Emergence of the New Middle Class"
from Black Milwaukee: The Making of an Industrial Proletariat, 1915-45
Joe William Trotter, Jr.
University of Illinois Press (Urbana, 1985)
My Early Days in Harlem
from Freedom Ways (Summer 1963)
Langston Hughes
Wartime Fair Employment Practice Committees: The Govenor's Committee and the First FEPC in New York City, 1941-43
from Afro-Americans in New York Life and History, vol. 9, no. 2 (July 1985)
Dominic J. Capeci, Jr.
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