Henry McNeal Turner
A profile on Turner providing links to his writings and correspondences.
The Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor
A web page giving a brief history of the founding of the Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor with links to documents and transcripts identifying the first known colonization effort in Sierra Leone in 1787.
Liberia at the Library of Congress
A search for 'Liberia yields hundreds of documents, pamphlets, pictures, maps, and timelines.
Roll of Emigrants to Liberia 1820-43
Gives information on names, ages, education, occupations and family status of African Americans settlers in Liberia. Plus 1843 Census.
Colonization of Liberia
Information and illustrations concerning the African Colonization Society; Paul Cuffee, and James Forten. Reactions of African Americans to the ACS.
Letters from Liberia
Numerous letters from Liberian settlers to former owners in the United States.
African-American Mosaic: Colonization
Online exhibit of images, letters, and documents creating a photo essay with links providing information about the history of the American Colonization Society and their initiatives to send African-Americans to Liberia
Nova Scotia Museum: Remembering the Black Loyalists
A rich resource on the Black Loyalists in Canada.
This site explores how Canada became the home of the first settlements of free blacks outside Africa. It includes a portal of links to information about Lord Dunmore's Proclamation, the Ethiopian Regiment, the Black Pioneers, personal accounts including narratives, documents such as Certificates of Freedom, and letters.
"Address to the Free Persons of Colour of these United States"
Richard Allen's September 1831 address to the American Society of Free Persons of Colour, which spawned from the first National Negro Convention held in the Bethel Church in Philadelphia in 1830. The address stated the society's disapproval of the American Colonization Society's efforts to relocate free African Americans to Africa yet encouraged free blacks to immigrate to Canada.
A multimedia site of UCLA International Institute African Studies Center exhibiting a research project on the life of Marcus Garvey and his Back To Africa Movement.
"The Black Star Line": Singing a Song of Garveyism
Transcription and audio recording of the Black Star Line anthem along with links to other UNIA document transcriptions such as his manifesto, the Declaration of Rights for Negro People of the World, and writings about Garvey and by Garvey.
"Marcus Garvey: Look for Me in the Whirlwind"
This site from PBS is the companion to a film on Marcus Garvey aired on the show American Experience. The site not only has primary source documents and interactive features including pictures and sound clips, but it also has an excellent teacher's guide.
Struggles For Freedom site: African-Americans Explore Haiti
Site dedicated to Haitian and American relations as it pertains to Haitian immigration in the U.S. These pages give brief information on the early 19th century immigration of African-Americans to Haiti and provide a photo scan of Thomas Pauls open letter to African-Americans urging them to leave the United States and settle in the "delightful island of Haiti - the best and most suitable place of residence...for the enjoyment of liberty". This letter appeared in the Columbian Sentinel, July 3, 1824.
"Black Émigrés: The Emergence of Nineteenth-Century United States Black Nationalism in Response to Haitian Emigration and Colonization, 1816-1840." Article published in 49th Parallel, The Interdisciplinary Journal of North American Studies of the History Department of the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
The Mexico-Louisiana Creole Connection
Informative site with images detailing research on the migration of African Americans from Louisiana to Mexico.