Browse By Migrations Geography Timeline Source Materials Education Materials Search
Haitian Immigration : Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Amelinckx, Frans C., ed. Michel Séligny, Homme libre de couleur de la Nouvelle-Orléans: Nouvelles et récits. Quebec, 1998.

_______. "Social Christianity in Short Stories and Novellas of Michel Séligny." Louisiana History 39 (winter 1998): 65-72.

Ashdown, Peter. Caribbean History in Maps. Trinidad, 1979.

Bassett, John Spencer, ed. Correspondence of Andrew Jackson. 6 vols. Washington, D.C., 1926-33.

Beard, Reverend John R. The Life of Toussaint L'Ouverture, the Negro Patriot of Hayti: Comprising an Account of the Struggle for Liberty in the Island, and a Sketch of Its History to the Present Period. 1853. Reprint. Westport, Conn., 1970.

Bell, Caryn Cossé. "Protest and Idealism in the French Language Literary Works of Afro-Creole Louisianians, 1837-1896." American Studies in Scandinavia 32 (2000): 29-35.

_______. "‘Une Chimère': The Freedmen's Bureau in Creole New Orleans." In Cimbala and Miller, The Freedmen's Bureau and Reconstruction: Reconsiderations, 140-60.

Bell, Caryn Cossé, and Joseph Logsdon. "The Impact of Revolutionary Upheaval in France and the French Caribbean on Nineteenth-Century Black Leadership in New Orleans." Proceedings of the Fifteenth Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society (May 1989): 142-53.

Bell, Caryn Cossé. Revolution, Romanticism, and the Afro-Creole Protest Tradition in Louisiana, 1718-1868. Baton Rouge, 1997.

Bellegarde-Smith, Patrick. In the Shadow of Powers: Dantes Bellegarde in Haitian Social Thought. Atlantic Highlands, N.J., 1985.

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, 1998.

_______. Slaves without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South. New York, 1974.

Billings, Warren M., and Edward F. Haas, eds. In Search of Fundamental Law: Louisiana's Constitutions, 1812-1974. Lafayette, La., 1993.

Blackburn, Robin. The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776-1848. London, 1988.

Blassingame, John W. Black New Orleans, 1860-1880. Chicago, 1973.

Brasseaux, Carl A., and Glenn R. Conrad, eds., with David Cheramie, trans. The Road to Louisiana: The Saint-Domingue Refugees, 1792-1809. Lafayette, La., 1992.

Brown, William Wells. My Southern Home; Or, the South and Its People. Boston, 1880.

Carter, Clarence Edwin, ed. The Territory of Orleans, 1803-1812. Washington,  D.C., 1940. Vol. 9 of Carter, ed., The Territorial Papers of the United States.

Childs, Frances Sergeant. French Refugee Life in the United States, 1790-1800. Baltimore, 1940.

Christian, Marcus. The Battle of New Orleans: Negro Soldiers in the Battle of New Orleans. New Orleans, 1965.

Christian, Marcus. "Demand by Men of Color for Rights in Orleans Territory." Negro History Bulletin 36 (March 1973): 54-57.

_______. "Dream of an African Ex-slave." Louisiana Weekly (New Orleans), February 1, 1938.

Christovich, Mary Louise, and Roulhac Toledano, eds. Faubourg Tremé and the Bayou Road. Gretna, La., 1980. Vol. 6 of Christovich, ed., New Orleans, Architecture.  6 vols.

Cimbala, Paul A., and Randall M. Miller. The Freedmen's Bureau and Reconstruction: Reconsiderations. New York, 1999.

Citizens' Committee. Report of the Proceedings for the Annulment of Act III of 1890. New Orleans, [1897?].

Cleven, N. Andrew N. "The First Panama Mission and the Congress of the United States," Journal of Negro History 13 (July 1928): 225-54.

Coleman, Edward Maceo, ed. Creole Voices: Poems in French by Free Men of Color First Published in 1845. Washington, D.C., 1945.

Connor, William P. "Reconstruction Rebels: The New Orleans Tribune in Post-War Louisiana." Louisiana History 21 (spring 1980): 159-81.

Curry, Leonard P. The Free Negro in Urban America, 1800-1850: The Shadow of the Dream. Chicago, 1981.

Dabney, Lancaster E. "Louis Aury: The First Governor of Texas." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 42 (July 1938-April 1939): 108-16.

Dalencour, François. Alexandre Pétion devant l'humanité: Alexandre Pétion et Simon Bolivar, Haiti et l'Amérique Latine. Port-au-Prince, 1928.

Davis, Cyprian. The History of Black Catholics in the United States. New York, 1990.

Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823. Ithaca, N.Y., 1975.

Deggs, Sister Mary Bernard. No Cross, No Crown: Black Nuns in Nineteenth-Century New Orleans. Edited by Virginia Meacham Gould and Charles E. Nolan. Bloomington, Ind., 2001.

Desdunes, Rodolphe Lucien. Our People and Our History. Translated and edited by Sister Dorothea Olga McCants. Baton Rouge, 1973.

Desdunes, Rodolphe Lucien. Hommage rendu à la mémoire d' Alexandre Aristide Mary, décédé à la Nouvelle-Orléans, le 15 mai 1893, à l'âge de 70 ans. [New Orleans, 1893].

_______. "Mme Bernard Couvent." Translated by Raoul M. Pérez. Negro History Bulletin 7 (October 1843): 7-9.

_______. Nos hommes et notre histoire. Montreal, 1911.

_______. Our People and Our History. Translated and edited by Sister Dorothea Olga McCants. Baton Rouge, 1973.

Desmangles, Leslie G. The Faces of the Gods: Vodou and Roman Catholicism in Haiti. North Carolina, 1992. 

Detiege, Audrey Marie. Henriette Delille, Free Woman of  Color: Foundress of the Sisters of the Holy Family. New Orleans, 1976.

DeVore, Donald E., and Joseph Logsdon. Crescent City Schools: Public Education in New Orleans, 1841-1991. Lafayette, La., 1991.

Din, Gilbert C. "Cimarrones and the San Malo Band in Spanish Louisiana." Louisiana History 21 (summer 1980): 237-62.

Dominguez, Virginia R. White by Definition: Social Classification in Creole Louisiana. New Brunswick, N.J., 1986.

Dorman, James H. "The Persistent Specter: Slave Rebellion in Territorial Louisiana." Louisiana History 18 (fall 1977): 389-404.

Du Bois, W. E. B. Black Reconstruction in America, 1860-1880. 1935. Reprint, New York, 1975.

Dunbar-Nelson, Alice. "People of  Color of Louisiana." Part I. Journal of Negro History 1 (October 1916): 361-76.

_______."People of Color of Louisiana." Part 2. Journal of Negro History 2 (January 1917), 51-78.

Ellsworth, Lucius F., ed. The Americanization of the Gulf Coast, 1803-1850. Pensacola, Fla., 1972.

Evans, David Owen, Social Romanticism in France, 1830-1848. London, 1951.

Everett, Donald E. "Demands of the New Orleans Free Colored Population for Political Equality, 1862-1865." Louisiana Historical Quarterly 38 (April 1955): 43-64.

_______. "Emigres and Militiamen: Free Persons of Color in New Orleans, 1803-1815." Journal of Negro History 38 (October 1953): 377-402.

Fabre, Michel. Black American Writers in France, 1840-1980. Urbana, 1991.

Faye, Stanley. "Commodore Aury." Louisiana Historical Quarterly 24 (July 1941):  611-97.

_______. "The Great Stroke of Pierre Laffite [sic]." Louisiana Historical Quarterly 23 (July 1940): 732-826.

_______. "Privateers of Guadeloupe and Their Establishment in Barataria." Louisiana Historical Quarterly 23 (April 1940): 428-44.

_______. "Privateersmen of the Gulf and Their Prizes." Louisiana Historical Quarterly 22 (October 1939): 1012-94.

Fick, Carolyn E. The Making of Haiti: The Saint Domingue Revolution from Below. Knoxville, 1990.

Fiehrer, Thomas Marc. "The African Presence in Colonial Louisiana: An Essay on the Continuity of Caribbean Culture." In Macdonald, Kemp, and Haas, Louisiana's  Black Heritage, 3-31.

_______. "From La Tortue to La Louisiane: An Unfathomed Legacy." In Brasseaux and Conrad, The Road to Louisiana: The Saint-Domingue Refugees, 1792-1809, 1-30.

Fischer, Roger A. "Racial Segregation in Ante Bellum New Orleans." American Historical Review 24 (February 1969): 926-37.

_______. The Segregation Struggle in Louisiana, 1862-77. Urbana, Ill., 1974.

Foner, Laura. "The Free People of Color in Louisiana and St. Domingue: A Comparative Portrait of Two Three-Caste Slave Societies." Journal of Social History 3 (summer 1970): 406-30.

Fortier, Alcée. A History of Louisiana. 4 vols. New York, 1904. Gayarré, Charles. History of Louisiana. 4 vols. New Orleans, 1903.

Geggus, David P. Slavery, War, and Revolution: The British Occupation of St. Domingue, 1793-1798. New York, 1982.

Goins, Charles Robert, and John Michael Caldwell. Historical Atlas of Louisiana.  Norman, Okla., 1995.

Gomez, Michael A. Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South. Chapel Hill, 1998.

Griggs, Earl Leslie, and Clifford H. Prator, eds. Henry Christophe and Thomas Clarkson: A Correspondence. New York, 1968.

Grummond, Jane Lucas de. The Baratarians and the Battle of New Orleans. 1961. Reprint, Baton Rouge, 1968.

_______. Renato Beluche: Smuggler, Privateer and Patriot, 1780-1860. Baton Rouge, 1983.

Hall, Gwendolyn Midlo. Africans in Colonial Louisiana: The Development of Afro-Creole Culture in the Eighteenth Century. Baton Rouge, 1992.

_______, ed. Databases for the Study of Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy, 1699-1860: Computerized Information from Original Manuscript Sources. Baton Rouge, 2000.

Hanger, Kimberly S. Bounded Lives, Bounded Places: Free Black Society in Colonial New Orleans, 1769-1803. Durham, 1997.

Hirsch, Arnold R., and Joseph Logsdon, eds. Creole New Orleans: Race and Americanization. Baton Rouge, 1992.

Herskovits, Melville J. Life in a Haitian Valley. New York, 1937.

Hollandsworth, James G., Jr. The Louisiana Native Guards: The Black Military Experience during the Civil War. Baton Rouge, 1995.

Houzeau, Jean-Charles. My Passage at the New Orleans "Tribune": A Memoir of the Civil War Era. Edited by David C. Rankin and translated by Gerard F. Denault. Baton Rouge, 1984.

Hunt, Alfred N. Haiti's Influence on Antebellum America: Slumbering Volcano in the Caribbean. Baton Rouge, 1988.

Hurston, Zora Neale. Tell My Horse. Philadelphia, 1938.

James, C. L. R. The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. Rev. ed. New York, 1963.

Jean-Baptiste, Saint-Victor. Haiti: Sa lutte pour l'emancipation. Paris, 1957.

Johnson, Jerah. "Les Cenelles: What's in a Name?" Louisiana History 31 (winter 1990): 407-10.

_______. Congo Square in New Orleans. New Orleans, 1995.

Jones, John Maxwell, Jr. Slavery and Race in Nineteenth-Century Louisiana French Literature. Camden, N.J., 1978.

Joshi, Manoj K., and Joseph P. Reidy. "‘To Come Forward and Aid in Putting  Down This Unholy Rebellion': The Officers of Louisiana's Free Black Native Guard during the Civil War Era." Southern Studies 21 (fall 1982): 326-42.

Kaplan, Sidney. The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution, 1770-1800. New York, 1973.

Kein, Sybil, ed. Creole: The History and Legacy of Louisiana Free People of Color. Baton Rouge, 2000.

Kemp, John R. New Orleans: An Illustrated History. Sun Valley, Calif., 1997.

King, Grace. New Orleans, the Place and the People. 1896. Reprint, New York, 1926.

Lachance, Paul F. "The 1809 Immigration of Saint-Domingue Refugees to New Orleans: Reception, Integration, and Impact." Louisiana History 29 (Spring 1988): 109-41.

_______. "The Formation of a Three-Caste Society." Social Science History 18 (summer 1994): 211-42.

_______. "The Politics of Fear: French Louisianians and the Slave Trade, 1786-1809." Plantation Society 1 (June 1979): 162-97.

Lanusse, Armand, ed. Les Cenelles: Choix de poésies indigènes. New Orleans, 1845.

Latortue, Régine, and Gleason R. W. Adams, eds. and trans. Les Cenelles: A Collection of Poems by Creole Writers of the Early Nineteenth Century. Boston, 1979.

Latrobe, Benjamin. Impressions Respecting New Orleans: Diary and Sketches, 1818 1820. New York, 1950.

Lawless, Robert, ed. Haiti: A Research Handbook. New York, 1990.

Lefebvre, Georges. The French Revolution. Translated by Elizabeth M. Evanson. 2 vols. 1951. Reprint, New York, 1969.

Levine, Lawrence W. Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom. New York, 1977.

Lofgren, Charles A. The Plessy Case: A Legal-Historical Interpretation. New York, 1987.

Logan, Rayford W. Haiti and the Dominican Republic. New York, 1968.

MacDonald, Robert R., John R. Kemp, and Edward F. Haas, eds. Louisiana's Black Heritage, New Orleans, 1979.

Marigny, Bernard. "Reflections on the Campaign of General Andrew Jackson in Louisiana in 1814 and '15." Louisiana Historical Quarterly 6 (January 1923): 63-85.

Masur, Gerhard. Simon Bolivar. Albuquerque, N.M., 1948.

McCloy, Shelby T. The Negro in France. Lexington, 1961.

_______. The Negro in the French West Indies. Lexington, 1966.

McConnell, Roland C. Negro Troops of Antebellum Louisiana: A History of the Battalion of Free Men of Color. Baton Rouge, 1968.

McPherson, James M. The Negro's Civil War: How American Negroes Felt and Acted During the War for the Union. 1965. Reprint, Urbana, Ill., 1982.

Moreau de Saint-Méry, L. E. Description topographique, physique, civile, politique et historique de la partie française de l'Ile de Saint Domingue. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1797.

Nicholls, David. From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti. Cambridge, Eng., 1979.

O'Connell, David. "Victor Séjour: Ecrivain américain de langue française." Revue de Louisiane 1 (winter 1972): 60-75.

Olsen, Otto H., ed. The Thin Diguise: Turning Point in Negro History. New York, 1967. O'Neill, Charles Edwards. Séjour: Parisian Playwright from Louisiana. Lafayette, La., 1995.

Palmer, R. R. The Age of Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800. 2 vols. Princeton, 1959, 1964.

Perret, J. John. "Victor Séjour, Black French Playwright from Louisiana." French Review 57 (December 1983): 187-93. 

Perrotin-Dumon, Anne. "Les corsaires de la liberté." L'Histoire 43 (March 1982): 24-29.

Plummer, Brenda Gayle. Haiti and the Great Powers, 1902-1915. Baton Rouge, 1988.

Pompilus, Pradel. Manuel illustré d'histoire de la littérature haitienne. Port-au-Prince, 1961.

Pratt, Frantz, ed. Haiti: Guide to the Periodical Literature in English, 1800-1990. New  York, 1991.

Reinders, Robert C. "The Decline of the New Orleans Free Negro in the Decade Before the Civil War." Journal of Mississippi History 24 (January-October 1962): 88-98.

Ripley, C. Peter. Slaves and Freedmen in Civil War Louisiana. Baton Rouge, 1976.

Robertson, James Alexander, ed. Louisiana under the Rule of Spain, France, and the United States, 1785-1807. 2 vols. Cleveland, 1910-11.

Roussève, Charles B. The Negro in Louisiana: Aspects of His History and His Literature. New Orleans, 1937.

Rowland, Dunbar, ed. Official Letter Books of W. C. C. Claiborne, 1801-16. 6 vols. Jackson, Miss., 1917.

Saxon, Lyle. Lafitte the Pirate. New York, 1930.

Séjour, Victor. The Fortune Teller. Translated by Norman R. Shapiro and edited by M. Lynn Weiss. Urbana, Ill., 2002.

_______. The Jew of Seville. Translated by Norman R. Shapiro and edited by M.  Lynn Weiss. Urbana, Ill., 2002.

Shell, Marc, and Werner Sollors, eds. The Multilingual Anthology of American Literature: A Reader of Original Texts with English Translations. New York, 2000.

Sterkx, H. E. The Free Negro in Ante-Bellum Louisiana. Rutherford, N.J., 1972.

Sullivan-Holleman, Elizabeth, and Isabel Hillery Cobb. The Saint Domingue Epic: The Rossignol des Dunes and Family Alliances. Bay S. Louis, Miss., 1995. 

_______. Les Ecrits de langue française en Louisiane au XIX siècle. 1923;. Reprint, Geneva, 1975.  Architecture. 6 vols.

_______. Portraits littéraires de la Nouvelle-Orléans. New Orleans, 1850.

Tannenbaum, Frank. Slave and Citizen: The Negro in the Americas. New York, 1946.

Testut, Charles. Fleurs d'été. New Orleans, 1851.

Tinker, Edward Larocque. Bibliography of the French Newspapers and Periodicals of Louisiana. Worcester, Mass., 1933.

Toledano, Roulhac, Sally Kittredge Evans, and Mary Louise Christovich, eds. The Creole Faubourgs. Gretna, La., 1996. Vol. 4 of Christovich, ed., New Orleans

Touchstone, Blake. "Vodou in New Orleans." Louisiana History 13 (fall 1972): 371-86.

Viatte, Auguste. Histoire Littéraire de L'Amérique Française des Origines à 1950. Paris, 1954.

_______. "Complement à la bibliographie louisianaise d'Edward Larocque  Tinker." Louisiana Review 3 (winter 1974): 12-57.

Vincent, Charles. "Negro Leadership and Programs in the Louisiana Constitutional Convention of  1868." Louisiana History 10 (fall 1969): 339-51.

Warren, Harris Gaylord, ed. and trans. "Documents Relating to the Establishment of Privateers at Galveston, 1816-1817," Louisiana Historical Quarterly 21  (October 1938): 1086-1109.

_______. The Sword Was Their Passport: A History of American Filibustering in the Mexican Revolution. Baton Rouge, 1943.

_______."José Alvarez de Toledo's Reconciliation with Spain and Projects for Suppressing Rebellion in the Spanish Colonies." Louisiana Historical Quarterly 25 (April 1942): 291-300.

Williams, George W. A History of the Negro Troops in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1865. New York, 1888.

Home About Glossary The New York Public Library
Privacy Policy | Rules & Regulations | Using the Internet | Website Terms & Conditions

© The New York Public Library, 2005.