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African Immigration

Abdullah, Halima. "Between African and African American Immigrant Families Feel the Pull of Both Worlds." The Dallas Morning News, April 2, 1999.

___________. "African Immigrants Feel Pull of Two Worlds." The Dallas Morning News, April 30, 1999.

Adepitan, Funmi. "Daddy, Don't Be a Fool." African Abroad, April 15, 2002.

Adelman, H. African Refugees. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994.

"Africans, American Blacks Find Few Places to Connect: One Race Separated by Two Cultures." The Washington Times, December 2, 2001.

Aluko, Remi, and Diana Sherblom. "Passing Culture on to the Next Generation: African Immigrant Language & Culture Schools in Washington, D.C." Festival of American Folklife 1997. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1997.

Amissah, Charles Kofi. The Socio-Economic Achievement of Sub-Saharan African Immigrants in the United States. Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1994

Arthur, John A. Invisible Sojourners: African Immigrant Diaspora in the United States. Westport,:Conn. Praeger, 2000.

Attah-Poku, Agyemang. The Socio-Cultural Adjustment Question: The Role of Ghanaian Immigrant Ethnic Associations in America. Brookfield, VT: Avebury, 1996.

Azikiwe, Nnamdi. My Odyssey: An Autobiography. London: C. Hurst, 1970.

Babou, Cheikh Anta. "Brotherhood Solidarity, Education and Migration: The Role of the Dahiras Among the Murid Muslim Community of New York." African Affairs, 101, no. 403 (April 2002), 151-70.

Bixler, Mark. "Every Weekend Across Metro Atlanta African Immigrants Gather Around Their Radios." The Atlanta Constitution, November 29, 1999.

___________. " 'Hiring Chains' Give Newcomers a Link to Jobs." The Atlanta Constitution, September 24, 2001.

Burbach, Chris. "Seeking the Heart of Africa: Omaha's African Immigrants Find Camaraderie in a New Group." Omaha World Herald, April 24, 1998.

CBCAfricaRecruit. "The Global Skills for Africa Seminar/Career Fair Report." March 2003, 6.

Day, Sherri. "Braiders Out of Africa with a World of Woes." The New York Times, May 18, 2001.

Diawara, Manthia. We Won't Budge: A Malaria Memoir. New York: Basic Civitas Books, 2003.

Diouf, Sylviane A., ed. Fighting the Slave Trade: West African Strategies. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2003.

___________. "The West African Paradox." Zahid H. Bukhari, Sulayman S. Niang, Mumtaz Ahmad, and John L. Esposito, eds., Muslims' Place in the American Public Square. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press, 2004.

___________.. "The Senegalese in New York: A Model Minority?" Black Renaissance, Summer 1997.

Djmaba, Yanyi K. "African Immigrants in the United States: A Socio-Demographic Profile in Comparison to Native Blacks." Journal of Asian and African Studies, 34, no.2 (May 1999): 210-15.

Fears, Darryl. "A Diverse - and Divided - Black Community." The Washington Post, February 24, 2002.

Goffe, Leslie. "Now is the time to put our money where our mouths are." New African, October 2001, 35.

Halter, Marilyn. Between Race and Ethnicity: Cape Verdean American Immigrants, 1860-1965. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993.

Hedges, Chris. "In Self-Storage Units Art Market Thrives." The New York Times, February 17, 2001.

International Organization for Migration. Migration for Development in Africa, 2002.

Kamya, Hugo A. "African Immigrants in the United States: The Challenge for Research and Practice." Social Work, 42, no.2 (March 1997), 154-65.

Kromah, Alhaji G. V. "Reporting Africa: Nothing Has Changed." West Africa, May 13-19, 2002, 23-24.

Kugel, Seth. "Little Africa Flourishes, Fufu Flour and All." The New York Times, February 17, 2002.

Leslie, Lourdes Medrano, and David Peterson. "Africans Struggle to Make New Home." Star Tribune, October 6, 2002.

Logan, John R., and Glenn Deane. "Black Diversity in Metropolitan America." Lewis Mumford Center for Comparative Urban and Regional Research, University at Albany.

Ly, Phuong. "Working to Better Aid African Immigrants." The Washington Post, December 27, 2001.

Millman, Joel. "From Dakar to Detroit." Forbes, September 26, 1994.

Mutume, Gumisai. "Reversing Africa's 'Brain Drain': New Initiatives Tap Skills of African Expatriates." Africa Recovery, 17, no.2 (July 2003).

___________. "Africa Takes on the Digital Divide: New Information Technologies Change the Lives of Those in Reach." Africa Recovery, 17, no.3 (October 2003).

Nkrumah, Kwame. Ghana: The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah. New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1957.

"On the Streets of New York." The Economist, 351, no.8124 (June 19,1999), 27.

Orakwue, Stella. "Africa: The World's Comfort Zone." New African, July/August 2001, 38-39.

Panafrican News Agency. "Lagos Seminar Moves Brain Drain Debate Beyond Statistics." December 1-2, 2003.

Perry, Donna. "Rural Ideologies and Urban Imagining: Wolof Immigrants in New York City." Africa Today, 44, no. 2 (1997), 250-51.

Phelps-Stokes Fund. A Survey of African Students Studying in the United States. New York, October 1949.

"Reversing Africa's Brain Drain: CBC Africa Recruit," Press Release, February 19, 2003.

Sachs, Susan. "In Harlem's Fabric, Bright Threads of Senegal." The New York Times, July 28, 2003.

Schlege, M. "Fostering Brain Drain: Data Communications in the Developing World with Special Regard to the Situation on the African Continent." 1994.

Speer, Tibbett. "The Newest African Americans aren't Black." American Demographics 16, 1 (1994): 9-10.

Structural Adjustment Participatory Review International Network. "The Policy Roots of Economic Crisis and Poverty." April 2002.

Swigart, Leigh. Extended Lives: The African Immigrant Experience in Philadelphia. Philadelphia: The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, 2000.

Tettey, Wisdom J. "Africa's brain drain: exploring possibilities for its positive utilization through networked communities."Mots Pluriels, 20 (February 2002).

___________. "Informatics Training in Ghana and the Quest for Computocracy." Science, Technology and Development, 15, no. 1 (1997), 41-62.

U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2000. "Broad Age Groups of the Foreign-Born Population."

___________. March 2000. "Current Population Survey."

___________.Table 3.3. "Country or Area of Birth of the Foreign-born Population from Africa and Oceania: 2000."

USCIS. Supplemental Tables. "Immigrants Admitted by Country of Birth and Intended State of Residence, Fiscal Year 2002."

___________.Supplemental Tables. "Nonimmigrants admitted by country of citizenship and class of admission, Fiscal Year 2002."

___________."Immigrants Admitted by Region and Country of Birth Fiscal Years 1986-2002."

___________. Statistical Yearbook, 1998

___________. Statistical Yearbook, 2002

Wamba, Philippe. Kinship: A Family's Journey in Africa and America. New York: Plume, 2000.

Williams, Monte. "Bargain Braiders Battle for Heads." The New York Times, May 19, 2001.

Wilson, Jill. "African-born Residents of the United States Migration Policy Institute, 2003.

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