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The Western Migration
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Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries [Frank Phillips Collection, #1700]

Home of a Freedman, 1880

African Americans began migrating to the West as early as 1833, when delegates to the Third Annual Convention for the Improvement of the Free People of Color voted to support migration to the West. Instead of encouraging free blacks to relocate to Africa, "we recommend... the western wilds... where the plowshares of prejudice have been unable to penetrate the soil."

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